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Sunken Treasures

In 2008, an expedition was launched by the Philippine National Museum and Historical Nautical Archaeology Foundation (HNAF), in search for the shipwrecks of galleons “Espiritu Santo” and “San Geronimo,” but the expedition was aborted sometime in October 2008 because of the controversial magnetite mining in Bagamanoc that time.

Catanduanes

A month ago, I tried searching for some clues about the sunken Spanish galleon “Espiritu Santo,” but my search led me to Augustinian missionary, Fray Diego de Herrera, who was one of the passengers on its last voyage.

Only now, I tried searching clues for the other galleon, San Geronimo. And this is what I found, I suppose its too speculative to state that HNAF and National Museum were looking for galleon Santo Tomas and not Espiritu Santo.

THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 1493-1898

By Emma Helen Blair, James Alexander Robertson, pp 39-40

PRINCIPAL POINTS IN REGARD TO THE TRADE OF THE FILIPINAS

Sixth Point

The losses of ships which have been employed in the Filipinas trade, and the cause thereof.

"Through news brought by the ship "Santa Potenciana" in the year 601, it seems that the ships "San Geronimo," and "Santa Margarita," which sailed in the year 600, lost their masts in a storm; and the "Santa Margarita" drifted to the island of the Ladrones, and the "San Geronimo" to Luzon, near Catanduanes. Both were driven ashore in February, 1601, without being able to save themselves. This loss is attributed by some to disagreement among the officers, and by others to the late sailing of the ships, and to a lack of sailors, and (what is more nearly correct) to the general overloading of the vessels. The ship "Santo Tomas" was lost also on the voyage out, near the channel at Catanduanes; the hulk was lost with some supplies, small wares, and two milions or more of silver, besides the 500,000 pesos which were allowed to be carried."

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Catanduanes Remains Top Abaca-Producing Province - BM

Abaca-fiber production in the country’s top abaca-producing province from January to May 2009 went up by 22 percent to 8,646.32 metric tons (MT), said the Fiber Industry Development Authority (FIDA). FIDA noted that in January to May 2008, abaca farmers in Catanduanes produced 7,084.23 MT. The attached agency of the Department of Agriculture said a total of 16,231 farmers were involved in abaca production in the province in 2008. FIDA said the island province of Catanduanes is renowned as the “abaca capital of the Philippines.” The province is now the top producer of abaca fiber, has the largest area planted to abaca and has the biggest number of abaca farmer-producers in the Philippines. Joining Catanduanes as the country’s top 10 abaca-producing provinces are Southern Leyte, Leyte, Davao Oriental, Northern Samar, Davao del Sur, Surigao del Sur, Samar, Sulu and Sorsogon. FIDA said the province also adjusted its production for the year due to the projected slowdown in demand for…

Catanduanes Watershed Forest Reserve

Site description: Catanduanes is an island of 182,300 ha which lies about 10 km off the tip of the Caramoan Peninsula in southern Luzon. The terrain on the island is hilly, particularly in the central portion, but the highest point only reaches just over 800 m. The substantial forests which remain in central Catanduanes are therefore all lowland dipterocarp in type, and are the largest remaining forest block in the whole of the Bicol Region. Forest is found above 490 m, and is estimated to cover a total of about 69,770 ha. It includes considerable areas of old growth dipterocarp forest (reported in 1997 to cover 5,876 ha), and closed-canopy forest in areas that show evidence of having been logged. These forest areas are the source of water for Catanduanes Province. One hydropower project is currently operational, that supplies power to urban areas of the island. The forest areas was proclaimed as a Watershed Reserve in 1987 because of these important function, the whole area is sta…

Philippine Mining Act of 1995

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